Sunday, January 17, 2010

General Knowledge Points –IPR

In 1421, Filippo Brunelleschi received the world's first patent for invention. He created a method of transporting marble more cheaply via a paddleboat and his patent gave him the right to burn any ship borrowing his design for three years.

America's first patent was granted July 31 1790 to Samuel Hopkins which is now patent # X1. He patented a process for making potash and pearl ash which were the ingredients in soap. His patent was not issued a number at this time, but registered by name and date.

July 04 1836 the Patent Act was introduced and the numbering system implemented. Up to this time about 10,000 patents were already issued, but many were lost due to fire. Only just over 1/4 of the patents were restored and numbered with a "X" before the number thus Samuel Hopkins held patent X1.

John Ruggles was an inventor and the patent-holder of U.S. Patent 1, issued July 13, 1836. His invention was a type of train wheel designed to reduce the adverse effects of the weather on the track. Ruggles was known as "Father of the U.S. Patent Office" Ruggles received the first patent granted under the new number system.

The first patent for a bar code type product (US Patent #2,612,994) was issued to inventors Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver on October 7, 1952.

Swiss drug maker F Hoffmann La-Roche is the first pharmaceuticals company in India to receive a product patent under the new patent regime. The Patents Office has granted a product patent to Roche for Pegasys, a new generation hepatitis therapy. The patent for Pegasys, which was applied under the Mailbox facility for post-1995 inventions, is valid for 20 years from May 15, 1997.

Yahoo!’s yodel became the first sound mark to be granted by Indian Trade Marks Registry. The Trademarks Registry granted registration to Yahoo!’ yodel on August 18, 2008

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