Friday, September 3, 2010

India and Technology Transfer

Technology plays an important role in improving the economic and social condition of a country. With the establishment of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995 a path was created for developed countries to transfer technologies to developing countries. But nothing much happened in this direction and reasons for it are easy to understand:
  • Poor protection of IP in developing countries
  • Not so supportive policies with respect to import of technologies and
  • Economic, legal & social frameworks within these countries
The technology transfer scenario in India have not been consistent and have seen various ups and downs. After Independence, the government emphasized towards industrial development and thus imported technologies for its basic and heavy industries. This didn't last longer and in 1970s and 1980s the government shifted its focused towards self-reliance. This was the dark period where technology transfer was at its minimum. The Reforms of 1990s brought a paradigm shift in India's policies towards outside world. India opened its economy and became a part of globalization. Today it has got liberal policy towards technology transfer and there is free movement of technologies with minimum restrictions and more incentives to the mediators of the process. Due to this liberalized change of technology imports several sectors of Indian industry are getting benefited.

Anil Hooda-Technology Associate
Skyquest Technology Group

1 comment:

Hari Mohan said...

Protection and reachout are two major stimulating factors for effective transfer of technologies. Unless the patent regimes of nations value the human intellect behind the technologies it's just not possible to regenerate and inspire creativity. Also, unless the technologies reachout to the greatest number of people, it's not possible to make the required difference. Thanks Anil for sharing your thoughts. Would like to see more such posts coming in.